In this tutorial we lead you toward sensing data over serial. We will collect data coming out of a Force Sensitive Resistor.
Step 1: Force Sensitive Resistor
Have a look to the following post on FSR to explore this sensor: FSR
Step 2: Formatting data output
We now want to send this data to a Python programme, running on a computer connected via serial to the Arduino. To make it easy (and more systematic) to parse for the receiver (Python code), you need to produce the following output for each line of data.
Thus, each line start with the name of your property followed by the values
Step 3: Python
The last step is to write a Python code on your laptop to read the Serial input from the Arduino and forward them to the Data-Centric Design Hub.
You can find the full example here
The following code shows how to open a serial connection.
# Start reading the serial port ser = serial.Serial( port = os.environ['SERIAL'], baudrate = 9600, timeout = 2)
In this code, we use an extra environment variable (SERIAL) to specify the serial port. You can find the port name for it on the Arduino IDE, in the top menu Tools > Ports. For example:
THING_ID= THING_TOKEN= SERIAL=MY_PORT_NAME
Once the connection is open, we want to read each incoming line and decode it as text (utf-8). Each line contains the property id, followed by the values separated with comma. We decompose the line by splitting on comma, retrieve the property and update the values.
# Read the next line from the serial port # and update the property values def serial_to_property_values(): # Read one line line_bytes = ser.readline() # If the line is not empty if len(line_bytes) > 0: # Convert the bytes into string line = line_bytes.decode('utf-8') # Split the string using commas as separator, we get a list of strings values = line.split(',') # Use the first element of the list as property id property_id = values.pop(0) # Get the property from the thing prop = my_thing.properties[property_id] # If we find the property, we update the values (rest of the list) if prop is not None: prop.update_values([float(x) for x in values]) # Otherwise, we show a warning else: print('Warning: unknown property ' + property_id)
You can execute the Python script again and check incoming data with on the DCD Hub.